PREVENTION OF HEAT STROKE

Mar 19, 2019

Those affected: Mainly little children and older people.

The Creator has made a small part in the brain called the Hypothalamus which works as the Thermostat for our body.

Hyperthermia: A condition in which the body core temperature increases more than a 100 degree Fahrenheit or more than 38 degrees centigrade

This article is more relevant to those living in the Tropical Areas and those who visit these regions during summer-time.

A FEW STEPS TO PREVENT A HEAT-STROKE.

Firstly, DO NOT GO OUTDOORS LATER THAN MID-DAY.

Secondly, if you need to go outdoors, after returning home, just pour few mugs of room-temperature water on your body and wipe yourself. The heat gets dissipated off your body while you do this and the thermo-regulator, the Hypothalamus does not have much work to control temperature.

Thirdly, HYDRATION:  In summer-time Adults: 4-6 litres of fluids.

 Children: Between 5-12 years of age 2-3 litres of water.

1-5 years of Age up to 1 or 1.5 litres of fluids (water).

0 age to 6 months. (NO WATER OR ANY FLUID APART FROM BREAST-FEEDING UNTIL 6 MONHTS. ONLY EXCLUSIVE BREAST FEEDING).

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF A HEAT-STROKE.

Raise of Body temperature

Head ache

Dizziness

Malaise (extreme fatigue or weakness)

Fainting or loss of conciousness for a few seconds.

IMMEDIATE FIRST AID.

1)Immediately bring the patient under a Air-Conditioned room (room temperature maintained between 20 -24 degree centigrade. (Too low temperatures can make the patient go into vaso-vagal or renal shock rarely.)   

2)Tepid sponging – Wipe the body with a cloth dipped in water at the areas like the neck, arm-pits and the groin area. Wiping the forehead also may help. *Keep sparse clothes on for the patient.

3)Intravenous Hydration- A hospital set-up is needed for that. A refrigerated (around 24 degree centigrade) Intravenous DNS, one pint over 4 hours.

4)Temperature monitoring every four hours in the ‘intensive phase’ (first 24 hours).

By then the intensive phase is taken care at home, the patient can be taken to a local hospital for Intravenous fluids and Temperature monitoring.

If the first two steps were taken immediately at Home there may be a less chance that a Hospital visit be needed.

THIS IS NOT A FEVER. THEREFORE NO NECESSITY OF BLOOD INVESTIGATIONS OR WHATSOEVER. SO DO IT HOME AND SAVE YOUR BELOVED ONES.

Dr. Zeff